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James's Tips & techniques

What you need to know about using Art Board Oil Paints and Mediums

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Advance Your Art with Tips and Techniques by James

I have had a long association with Art Board Creative since it's early days in downtown Johannesburg right up until today when the company, headed by Tim Brink, has risen to become one of the biggest art materials wholesalers in South Africa..
As a fine artist of longstanding experience, I am here to offer tips and advice on the use of
Art Board's range of quality Artist Oil Paints and Mediums.
Art Board at present offers artists a broad range of 44 oil paint colours along with several painting mediums.
My mission is to enable you, the artist, who uses these products, to explore techniques and tips which will help you understand your chosen medium and advance your abilities and use of this historic medium of oil painting.

James de Villiers

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Outstanding Quality

Art Board Artist Oil Paints were created and developed by Dawn, Alan & Garth Connell in Durban, South Africa in the mid 1980's. Their mission was to supply the best possible oil paints at affordable prices to South African Artists using authentic oils and pigments.

Following the passing of both Alan and Dawn in 2016, Garth decided to enlist the help of a reputable company to assist in the continuity and the legacy that his parents began. Art Board Creative National CC now manufactures and distributes Artist Oil Paint. No changes, no surprises, just the same quality products that so many South African Artists love to paint with.

The range consists of 44 highly pigmented colours available in 40ml tubes as well as a range of Oil Mediums that any discerning artist would be happy to use.

List of Art Board Oil Colours & Tips

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TITANIUM WHITE:

  1. Mixing Base: Titanium White is a crucial mixing color. Use it to lighten other colors, create tints, and control the overall value of your palette.

  2. Impasto Techniques: Experiment with impasto techniques by applying thick layers of Titanium White. This adds texture and three-dimensionality to your artwork.

  3. Blending: Titanium White is excellent for blending and softening edges. Use it to create smooth transitions between different colors and shapes in your painting.

  4. Highlighting: Use Titanium White for highlighting. Apply it to the areas of your composition that are hit by direct light to enhance the sense of volume and realism.

  5. Creating Pastels: Mix Titanium White with other colors to create pastel tones. This is useful for conveying a softer or more muted atmosphere in your paintings. More...

 

ZINC WHITE:

  1. Transparency: Zinc White is more transparent than Titanium White. Use it when you want to add a subtle haze, glaze, or create delicate effects in your painting.

  2. Soft Highlights: Zinc White is ideal for creating soft, subtle highlights. It works well in areas that require a gentle touch, such as skin tones or atmospheric effects.

  3. Mixing with Bright Colors: Combine Zinc White with bright, intense colors to create lighter tints without overpowering the vibrancy of the original color.

  4. Luminosity: Use Zinc White to enhance the luminosity of colors. Mix it with transparent or translucent colors to create a glowing effect in your artwork.

  5. Layering: Due to its transparency, Zinc White is suitable for layering. Experiment with layering it over other colors to create nuanced transitions and subtle variations.

 

LAMP BLACK:

  1. Creating Depth: Lamp Black is excellent for creating depth and shadows. Use it sparingly in mixtures to darken colors and add depth to your compositions.

  2. Mixing Grays: Mix Lamp Black with white to create a range of grays. Experiment with different ratios to achieve cool and warm gray tones suitable for shadows and highlights.

  3. Contrast: Use Lamp Black for high-contrast elements. It works well when paired with bright colors, creating visually striking focal points in your painting.

  4. Subtle Textures: Apply Lamp Black in controlled strokes to create subtle textures, such as fur, hair, or fabric. This adds detail without overpowering the overall composition.

  5. Outlining and Detailing: Lamp Black is effective for outlining and detailing. Use it to define shapes and add fine details to your artwork.

 

BLACK OXIDE:

  1. Warm Blacks: Black Oxide tends to have warmer undertones. Use it for warm black tones in your paintings, especially when you want to avoid a cool, stark appearance.

  2. Mixing with Reds: Experiment with mixing Black Oxide with reds to create deep, warm purples suitable for shadows and darker areas in your compositions.

  3. Underpainting: Use Black Oxide as an underpainting color for warm-toned subjects. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  4. Layering Techniques: Due to its semi-transparency, Black Oxide is suitable for layering. Build up layers to create subtle transitions and add complexity to your shadows.

  5. Textured Surfaces: Apply Black Oxide with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting and textured surfaces, such as aged wood or stone.

PAYNES GREY:

  1. Neutral Tones: Paynes Grey is a neutral gray-blue. Use it to create shadows and neutral tones in your paintings without shifting the overall color temperature too much.

  2. Mixing with Browns: Combine Paynes Grey with earth tones like Burnt Sienna or Raw Umber to create muted and natural-looking dark colors suitable for landscapes.

  3. Water Reflections: Paynes Grey is excellent for depicting water reflections. Use it to capture the subtle interplay of light and shadow on water surfaces.

  4. Atmospheric Effects: Apply Paynes Grey in areas that require atmospheric effects. It's effective for conveying distance and depth, especially in landscapes.

  5. Glazing: Utilize the transparency of Paynes Grey for glazing techniques. Layer it over other colors to add depth and create subtle color variations.

 

GREY OF GREY:

  1. Subdued Atmosphere: Grey of Grey is ideal for creating a muted, subdued atmosphere in your paintings. It works well for foggy or overcast scenes.

  2. Tonal Studies: Utilize Grey of Grey for tonal studies and value sketches. Its neutral tone allows you to focus on the play of light and shadow without the distraction of strong color.

  3. Mixing Neutrals: Experiment with mixing Grey of Grey with other colors to create a variety of neutral tones. This can be valuable for creating realistic skin tones and natural textures.

  4. Architectural Details: Grey of Grey is great for capturing architectural details and urban scenes. It can be used to convey the subtle variations in concrete, metal, and other man-made structures.

  5. Highlighting: Use Grey of Grey to add subtle highlights to objects in shadow. This can create a more nuanced and realistic depiction of light in your paintings.

 

ULTRAMARINE BLUE:

  1. Rich Skies: Ultramarine Blue is a classic choice for painting skies. It can produce rich, deep blues that are perfect for creating the illusion of distance in landscapes.

  2. Mixing Purples: Mix Ultramarine Blue with reds or magentas to create vibrant purples. This is useful for floral paintings or adding depth to shadows.

  3. Water Reflections: For realistic water reflections, incorporate Ultramarine Blue into your water scenes. It can capture the depth and clarity of water in various lighting conditions.

  4. Granulating Effect: Ultramarine Blue has a granulating quality that can add texture to your paintings. Experiment with this effect, especially in seascapes or paintings with rough surfaces.

  5. Glazing: Ultramarine Blue is suitable for glazing techniques. Apply thin layers of the color over dry layers to add depth and complexity to your paintings.


PRUSSIAN BLUE:

  1. Deep Shadows: Prussian Blue is excellent for creating deep, intense shadows. Use it sparingly to add contrast and drama to your paintings.

  2. Mixing Greens: Combine Prussian Blue with yellows to create rich, natural-looking greens. This is particularly effective for foliage in landscapes.

  3. Ocean Depths: Prussian Blue is a popular choice for depicting the deep, dark depths of oceans. Use it in marine paintings to capture the mysterious beauty of underwater scenes.

  4. Layering: Due to its transparency, Prussian Blue is well-suited for layering. Build up layers to achieve a sense of depth and luminosity in your artwork.

  5. Winter Scenes: This color is perfect for winter landscapes. Its cool undertones can convey the chilliness of snow and ice, making it a go-to choice for winter-themed paintings.

 

INDIGO:

  1. Natural Textures: Indigo is excellent for capturing the textures of natural elements like rocks, bark, or soil. Its deep and muted tone adds a realistic touch to these surfaces.

  2. Night Skies: Use Indigo to paint nighttime scenes or skies. It can create a serene and calming atmosphere, especially when combined with subtle highlights.

  3. Mixing Greys: Indigo can be mixed with other colors to create various shades of grey. This is useful for rendering objects in shadow or creating a monochromatic color scheme.

  4. Floral Details: Add depth to floral paintings by incorporating Indigo into the shadows of petals and leaves. It can enhance the three-dimensional quality of your botanical subjects.

  5. Moody Landscapes: Indigo is perfect for conveying a moody or mysterious atmosphere in landscapes. Experiment with this color in combination with other dark tones to evoke a sense of drama.

 

PHTHALO BLUE:

  1. Vibrant Skies: Phthalo Blue is known for its vibrant and intense hue, making it a great choice for painting bright and clear skies. Use it to capture the essence of a sunny day.

  2. Ocean Waves: Phthalo Blue is often used to depict the dynamic and translucent quality of ocean waves. Experiment with brushstrokes to convey the movement of water.

  3. Mixing Greens: When mixed with yellow, Phthalo Blue produces bright and lively greens. This makes it an excellent choice for painting lush landscapes and foliage.

  4. Atmospheric Perspective: Use Phthalo Blue to create atmospheric perspective in landscapes. Objects in the distance can be painted with a lighter tint of this color to suggest depth and distance.

  5. Glazing Effects: Due to its transparency, Phthalo Blue is well-suited for glazing techniques. Layer it over dry paint to achieve a glossy and luminous effect in your artwork.

 

CERULEAN BLUE HUE:

  1. Sky and Water: Cerulean Blue Hue is often used to paint skies and bodies of water. Its soft and serene hue is perfect for creating calm and tranquil scenes.

  2. Clouds: Capture the fluffy and light quality of clouds by incorporating Cerulean Blue Hue into your sky paintings. It adds a natural and airy feel to cloud formations.

  3. Mixing with Earth Tones: Experiment with mixing Cerulean Blue Hue with earthy tones like sienna or ochre to create interesting and natural-looking grays. This can be useful for creating stone or concrete textures.

  4. Reflections: Use Cerulean Blue Hue to paint reflections in water. It can create a realistic mirror effect, especially in calm and reflective surfaces.

  5. Impressionistic Landscapes: This color is well-suited for creating impressionistic landscapes. Its soft and muted quality can give your paintings a dreamy and romantic feel.

Cobalt Blue:

  1. Mixing Tip: Cobalt Blue can be mixed with Titanium White to create various shades of light blue. Experiment with different ratios to achieve the desired tint.

  2. Transparency: Cobalt Blue is generally a transparent color. Utilize this property by layering it over other colors to create interesting glazes and depth in your paintings.

  3. Sky and Water: Cobalt Blue is excellent for depicting skies and water bodies. Use it in combination with other blues to capture the nuances of natural landscapes.

  4. Underpainting: Use Cobalt Blue as an underpainting color to establish the cool tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  5. Limited Palette: Cobalt Blue works well in a limited palette. Combine it with warmer colors like Burnt Sienna and Cadmium Yellow for a balanced and harmonious painting.

 

Cinnabar Green Hue:

  1. Nature Scenes: Cinnabar Green Hue is ideal for portraying lush green landscapes. Experiment with mixing it with yellows and blues to capture the varied shades of foliage.

  2. Complementary Colors: Pair Cinnabar Green Hue with its complementary color, Red, to create vibrant contrasts in your paintings.

  3. Layering: This color has good transparency. Use it for layering to achieve depth in forest scenes or to create interesting textures in vegetation.

  4. Neutralizing: Cinnabar Green Hue can be used to neutralize warm tones in a painting. Mix it with reds and yellows to create subdued earthy colors.

  5. Experiment with White: Try mixing Cinnabar Green Hue with Titanium White to create various tints. This can be useful for portraying atmospheric effects or distant foliage.

 

Cadmium Green Light:

  1. Foliage: Cadmium Green Light is perfect for capturing the vibrant greens of foliage. Experiment with different brushstrokes to convey the texture of leaves.

  2. High Opacity: This color has high opacity. Use it to cover underlying layers effectively, and incorporate it in the foreground of your paintings.

  3. Mixing with Earth Tones: Blend Cadmium Green Light with earth tones like Raw Sienna or Burnt Umber to create natural, earthy greens suitable for landscapes.

  4. Contrast: Pair Cadmium Green Light with warm colors like Cadmium Yellow or Indian Yellow to create visually striking contrasts.

  5. Sunlit Areas: Use this color to depict areas illuminated by sunlight. It adds warmth to your paintings and can be effective in sunlight-dappled scenes.

 

Phthalo Green:

  1. Intensity: Phthalo Green is an intense color. Use it sparingly and consider diluting it with other colors or white to achieve a more subdued appearance.

  2. Mixing Tip: When mixed with Cadmium Yellow, Phthalo Green can create brilliant and vibrant greens. Experiment with the ratios to find the desired shade.

  3. Landscapes: Phthalo Green is great for painting grassy landscapes. Vary the intensity and application for depth and realism.

  4. Atmospheric Effects: Utilize the transparency of Phthalo Green to create atmospheric effects in your paintings. It's effective for depicting distant hills and forests.

  5. Mixing with Blues: Mix Phthalo Green with blues like Ultramarine Blue or Phthalo Blue to create rich, deep greens. Adjust the ratios to control the color temperature.

 

Phthalo Turquoise:

  1. Ocean and Sky: Phthalo Turquoise is excellent for painting ocean scenes and skies. Experiment with different amounts of white to capture the variations in color.

  2. Mixing with Greens: Combine Phthalo Turquoise with Phthalo Green or other greens to create interesting and varied foliage in landscapes.

  3. Glazing: Due to its transparency, Phthalo Turquoise is suitable for glazing techniques. Layer it over other colors to add depth and a sense of atmosphere.

  4. Seascapes: Use this color to capture the vibrant turquoise hues of tropical waters in seascapes. Mix with Titanium White for lighter tones.

  5. Harmony with Blues: Phthalo Turquoise works well with various blues. Experiment with mixing it with Cerulean Blue Hue or Ultramarine Blue for nuanced blue-green shades.

 

Terra Verte:

  1. Natural Earth Tones: Terra Verte is a versatile color for creating natural earth tones. Mix it with yellows and reds to achieve a range of warm, earthy hues.

  2. Underpainting: Use Terra Verte as an underpainting color for landscapes. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors, especially in scenes with vegetation.

  3. Mixing with Reds: Experiment with mixing Terra Verte with reds like Cadmium Red or Indian Red to create muted and earthy red-brown tones.

  4. Gray Tones: Terra Verte can be used to create muted grays when mixed with white. This is useful for portraying overcast skies or subtle shadow areas.

  5. Layering: Due to its semi-transparent nature, Terra Verte is suitable for layering. Use it to build up textures in foliage and create depth in your paintings.

 

Sap Green:

  1. Botanical Details: Sap Green is excellent for botanical details. Use it to capture the rich green tones of leaves and plants, adjusting the intensity for different species.

  2. Mixing with Earth Tones: Combine Sap Green with earthy colors like Raw Sienna or Burnt Umber to create natural, subdued greens suitable for landscapes.

  3. Glazing Effects: Utilize the transparency of Sap Green for glazing effects. Layer it over other colors to add depth and richness, especially in areas with foliage.

  4. Complementary Colors: Pair Sap Green with its complementary color, Red, to create vibrant contrasts. This can be effective for focal points in your painting.

  5. Wet-in-Wet Technique: Experiment with the wet-in-wet technique when using Sap Green. This allows for blending and soft transitions, ideal for creating organic shapes in nature scenes.

 

Cadmium Lemon:

  1. Vibrant Highlights: Cadmium Lemon is a bright and vibrant yellow that works exceptionally well for creating eye-catching highlights. Use it to add a pop of color to the brightest areas of your composition, such as sunlight hitting surfaces or highlighting elements in a landscape.

  2. Mixing Greens: Cadmium Lemon is an excellent color for mixing vibrant greens. Combine it with Phthalo Blue or Ultramarine Blue to achieve a range of lush and lively green tones, perfect for painting foliage in trees or plants.

  3. Sunlit Effects: Utilize Cadmium Lemon to capture the warm glow of sunlight. This color is particularly effective for conveying the warmth and brightness of sunny scenes, making it a great choice for landscapes, seascapes, and still life paintings.

  4. Layering Technique: Cadmium Lemon can be used in a layering technique to build up intensity and create a sense of translucency. Apply thin glazes over dried layers of paint to achieve a luminous effect, especially when working on subjects like fruits, flowers, or glass.

  5. Color Harmony: When aiming for a harmonious color palette, combine Cadmium Lemon with other warm tones like Cadmium Orange or Cadmium Red. This creates a cohesive and visually appealing color scheme, especially in paintings that require a sunny or warm atmosphere.

 

Cadmium Yellow:

  1. Sunlit Areas: Cadmium Yellow is perfect for depicting sunlit areas in your paintings. Use it to capture the warmth of sunlight on surfaces.

  2. Mixing with Reds: Combine Cadmium Yellow with reds like Cadmium Red or Indian Red to create a range of oranges suitable for sunsets or warm highlights.

  3. Limited Palette: Cadmium Yellow works well in a limited palette. Mix it with Ultramarine Blue or Burnt Sienna for a harmonious color scheme.

  4. Floral Highlights: Use Cadmium Yellow to add highlights to floral subjects. It's particularly effective for capturing the vibrant colors of petals.

  5. Underpainting: Use Cadmium Yellow as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

 

Cadmium Yellow Deep:

  1. Rich Gold Tones: Cadmium Yellow Deep is perfect for creating rich, golden tones. Experiment with mixing it with earthy colors like Burnt Sienna to achieve warm, deep hues.

  2. Sunset Scenes: Use Cadmium Yellow Deep in sunset scenes to capture the intense and warm colors of the setting sun. Mix it with reds for a dramatic effect.

  3. Layering: This color has good coverage. Use it for layering to create depth and volume in objects, especially in areas where strong, warm light is present.

  4. Mixing with Greens: Blend Cadmium Yellow Deep with greens like Phthalo Green or Sap Green to create a variety of vibrant and natural foliage colors.

  5. Contrast: Pair Cadmium Yellow Deep with dark colors like Paynes Grey or Lamp Black to create striking contrasts and emphasize focal points.

 

Indian Yellow:

  1. Warm Glazes: Indian Yellow is excellent for warm glazes. Use it to add a warm, glowing effect to areas of your painting, such as sunlight filtering through foliage.

  2. Mixing Tip: Experiment with mixing Indian Yellow with Cadmium Red or Alizarin Crimson to create rich, orange-brown tones suitable for autumn scenes.

  3. Floral Details: Use Indian Yellow for delicate floral details. It adds warmth and brightness to petals, particularly in flower arrangements.

  4. Sunlit Surfaces: Apply Indian Yellow to surfaces directly exposed to sunlight. This enhances the feeling of warmth and can be effective in landscapes or still life paintings.

  5. Highlighting: Use Indian Yellow as a highlight color. It can be effective for adding warmth and luminosity to specific areas of your artwork.

 

Cadmium Orange:

  1. Vibrant Foliage: Cadmium Orange is great for capturing vibrant foliage. Mix it with greens to create a range of warm and lively colors suitable for autumn landscapes.

  2. Sunset Glow: Use Cadmium Orange to convey the warm glow of a sunset. Experiment with blending it with reds and yellows for a dynamic and atmospheric effect.

  3. Layering: Cadmium Orange has good coverage. Use it for layering to create depth and volume, especially in areas where warm light is hitting surfaces.

  4. Contrasts: Pair Cadmium Orange with blues or purples to create strong visual contrasts. This can be effective for focal points or to draw attention to specific elements in your painting.

  5. Mixing with Browns: Combine Cadmium Orange with earthy colors like Burnt Sienna or Raw Umber to create natural, warm browns. This is useful for depicting soil or tree trunks.

 

Naples Yellow:

  1. Soft Highlights: Naples Yellow is ideal for creating soft, subtle highlights. Use it to add a gentle glow to surfaces, especially in still life or portrait painting.

  2. Mixing with Whites: Naples Yellow can be mixed with Titanium White or Zinc White to create a range of pale tints. This is useful for portraying delicate or pastel-colored elements.

  3. Floral Petals: Apply Naples Yellow to capture the delicate tones of flower petals. It works well for flowers with soft, light-colored blooms.

  4. Sunlit Atmosphere: Use Naples Yellow in areas directly illuminated by sunlight. This color can convey a warm and inviting atmosphere in your paintings.

  5. Layering Techniques: Naples Yellow's transparency makes it suitable for layering. Experiment with layering it over other colors to create subtle transitions and atmospheric effects.

 

Jaune 1, 2 & 3:

  1. Soft Yellows: Jaune 1 is a soft yellow, ideal for creating gentle, muted tones. Use it to capture the subtle warmth in areas that are softly lit.

  2. Mixing Tip: Experiment with mixing Jaune 1 & 2 with other yellows and whites to create a variety of pale and delicate hues suitable for depicting light and highlights.

  3. Natural Light: Apply Jaune 1 in areas where natural light is present. It can be effective for creating a luminous quality in your paintings.

  4. Highlighting: Use Jaune 1 as a highlighting color, especially in combination with darker tones. This creates a sense of volume and dimension in your artwork.

  5. Floral Elements: Jaune 1 works well for painting floral elements with a soft and subtle color palette. It's particularly effective for capturing the delicacy of petals.

  6. Flesh Tones: Jaune 1, 2 and 3 work particularly well in depicting lighter skin tones and are effective in blending dark to light transitions.

  7. Landscapes & Still Life: Use all Jaune 1,2, and 3 tints and tones to add warmth to landscape subjects as well as clay and ceramic objects in still lifes.

 Light Red Bright: 

  1. Earth Tones: Light Red Bright is excellent for creating warm, earthy tones. Use it in combination with other earth tones to depict soil, rocks, or rustic structures.

  2. Mixing with Blues: Experiment with mixing Light Red Bright with blues like Ultramarine Blue to create muted purples and grays. This is useful for shadowed areas in your paintings.

  3. Underpainting: Use Light Red Bright as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  4. Natural Textures: Apply Light Red Bright to capture the textures of natural elements, such as tree bark, rocks, or rough surfaces. Vary the application for realistic effects.

  5. Sunset Colors: Use Light Red Bright in sunset scenes to capture the warm, glowing colors of the sky. Experiment with blending it with yellows and oranges for a vibrant effect.

 

Scarlet Lake Hue:

  1. Vibrant Reds: Scarlet Lake Hue is a vibrant and intense red. Use it to create eye-catching red hues in your paintings, especially for focal points or areas of emphasis.

  2. Mixing Oranges: Combine Scarlet Lake Hue with Cadmium Yellow or Cadmium Orange to create a range of bright and warm oranges suitable for sunlit areas or flowers.

  3. Floral Accents: Apply Scarlet Lake Hue to add accents to floral subjects. It's particularly effective for capturing the vividness of flower petals.

  4. Sunset Scenes: Use Scarlet Lake Hue in sunset scenes to convey the warmth and intensity of the setting sun. Mix it with yellows and purples for a dynamic effect.

  5. Dynamic Contrasts: Pair Scarlet Lake Hue with cool colors like Phthalo Blue or Cerulean Blue Hue to create dynamic contrasts and visual interest in your compositions.

 

Cadmium Red:

  1. Warm Highlights: Cadmium Red is perfect for creating warm highlights. Apply it to areas hit by direct sunlight to add warmth and intensity.

  2. Mixing Oranges: Combine Cadmium Red with Cadmium Yellow or Cadmium Orange to create a range of vibrant and warm oranges suitable for sunlit areas or fiery sunsets.

  3. Floral Focal Points: Use Cadmium Red for floral focal points. It's particularly effective for capturing the vivid colors of flowers, especially in the foreground.

  4. Dynamic Contrasts: Pair Cadmium Red with cool colors like Phthalo Blue or Cerulean Blue Hue to create dynamic contrasts and visual interest in your compositions.

  5. Impasto Techniques: Experiment with impasto techniques using Cadmium Red. Applying thick layers can add texture and emphasis to specific elements in your painting.

 

Indian Red:

  1. Earth Tones: Indian Red is perfect for creating warm, earthy tones. Mix it with yellows and browns to achieve a range of natural and subdued colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Indian Red as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Portrait Painting: Indian Red is effective for portrait painting. It can be used for skin tones, providing a warm and natural appearance, especially for shadows and blush areas.

  4. Mixing Purples: Combine Indian Red with Ultramarine Blue or Alizarin Crimson to create deep, muted purples suitable for shadows and darker areas.

  5. Sunset Scenes: Utilize Indian Red in sunset scenes to capture the warm, reddish tones of the sky during the golden hour. Mix it with oranges and yellows for a vibrant effect.

 

Permanent Rose:

  1. Floral Details: Permanent Rose is excellent for capturing the delicate hues of flowers. Use it for floral details and to convey the softness of petals.

  2. Mixing Purples: Combine Permanent Rose with Ultramarine Blue to create beautiful, vibrant purples. Adjust the ratios to control the intensity and warmth of the resulting color.

  3. Portrait Painting: Permanent Rose is useful for portrait painting, especially for rosy cheeks and subtle skin tones. Mix it with other skin tones to achieve a natural look.

  4. Glazing Techniques: Utilize Permanent Rose for glazing techniques. Layer it over other colors to add a rosy tint and enhance the overall warmth of your painting.

  5. Subtle Backgrounds: Permanent Rose works well for creating soft and subtle backgrounds, especially in scenes where a gentle and romantic atmosphere is desired.

 

Alizarin Crimson:

  1. Rich Reds: Alizarin Crimson is a rich and deep red. Use it for creating intense and dramatic red hues, especially in areas that require a strong presence of color.

  2. Mixing Purples: Combine Alizarin Crimson with Ultramarine Blue to create deep, muted purples suitable for shadows and darker areas in your compositions.

  3. Portrait Painting: Alizarin Crimson is effective for portrait painting. Use it for capturing the warmth and complexity of skin tones, particularly in shadows and lips.

  4. Floral Accents: Apply Alizarin Crimson to add accents to floral subjects. It's particularly effective for capturing the depth and richness of certain flower varieties.

  5. Glazing Techniques: Due to its transparency, Alizarin Crimson is suitable for glazing techniques. Layer it over other colors to add depth and create subtle color variations.

 

Rose Magenta:

  1. Vibrant Pinks: Rose Magenta is perfect for creating vibrant and intense pink hues. Use it for floral subjects or areas that require a bold and lively color.

  2. Mixing Purples: Combine Rose Magenta with Ultramarine Blue to create deep, vibrant purples. Adjust the ratios to control the intensity and warmth of the resulting color.

  3. Floral Focal Points: Use Rose Magenta for floral focal points. It's particularly effective for capturing the vivid colors of certain flowers, especially in the foreground.

  4. Dynamic Contrasts: Pair Rose Magenta with cool colors like Phthalo Blue or Cerulean Blue Hue to create dynamic contrasts and visual interest in your compositions.

  5. Highlighting: Apply Rose Magenta as a highlighting color, especially in combination with darker tones. This creates a sense of volume and dimension in your artwork.

 

Mauve:

  1. Soft Purples: Mauve is a soft and muted purple. Use it for creating gentle and subtle purples suitable for shadows, distant mountains, or atmospheric effects.

  2. Mixing Grays: Mix Mauve with white or other neutral tones to create soft and cool grays. This is useful for clouds, mist, or shadowed areas in your paintings.

  3. Landscape Painting: Mauve works well for landscape painting, especially when you want to convey a tranquil and serene atmosphere. Mix it with other earthy tones for natural landscapes.

  4. Portrait Shadows: Use Mauve for shadow areas in portraits. It adds a touch of coolness to shadowed regions, creating depth and dimension in the subject's features.

  5. Limited Palette: Mauve works effectively in a limited palette. Combine it with other muted colors for a harmonious and subdued color scheme.

 

Dioxazine Violet:

  1. Intense Purples: Dioxazine Violet is perfect for creating intense and vibrant purples. Use it for floral subjects, sunsets, or areas that require a bold and striking color.

  2. Mixing Tip: Combine Dioxazine Violet with Titanium White to create a range of lavender and lilac hues. Adjust the ratios to achieve the desired tint.

  3. Glazing Techniques: Due to its transparency, Dioxazine Violet is suitable for glazing techniques. Layer it over other colors to add depth and create subtle color variations.

  4. Floral Focal Points: Use Dioxazine Violet for floral focal points. It's particularly effective for capturing the vivid colors of certain flowers, especially in the foreground.

  5. Dynamic Contrasts: Pair Dioxazine Violet with warm colors like Cadmium Yellow or Cadmium Orange to create dynamic contrasts and visual interest in your compositions.

 

Yellow Ochre:

  1. Natural Earth Tones: Yellow Ochre is perfect for creating natural and earthy tones. Mix it with browns and greens to achieve a range of warm, natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Yellow Ochre as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Greens: Blend Yellow Ochre with blues like Ultramarine Blue or Phthalo Blue to create muted and natural greens. This is useful for foliage in landscapes.

  4. Warm Sunlit Areas: Yellow Ochre is effective for depicting sunlit areas. Apply it to surfaces directly illuminated by sunlight to convey warmth and brightness.

  5. Architectural Details: Yellow Ochre works well for painting architectural details, especially in scenes with warm-toned buildings or structures. More...

 

Raw Sienna:

  1. Natural Earth Tones: Raw Sienna is perfect for creating natural and earthy tones. Mix it with yellows, browns, and greens to achieve a range of warm, natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Raw Sienna as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Greens: Blend Raw Sienna with blues like Ultramarine Blue or Phthalo Blue to create muted and natural greens. This is useful for foliage in landscapes.

  4. Warm Sunlit Areas: Raw Sienna is effective for depicting sunlit areas. Apply it to surfaces directly illuminated by sunlight to convey warmth and brightness.

  5. Textured Surfaces: Apply Raw Sienna with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or sandy areas.

 

Mars Yellow:

  1. Warm Earth Tones: Mars Yellow is ideal for creating warm, earthy tones. Mix it with browns and reds to achieve a range of natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Mars Yellow as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Reds: Blend Mars Yellow with reds like Cadmium Red or Indian Red to create muted and earthy red-brown tones.

  4. Natural Textures: Apply Mars Yellow to capture the textures of natural elements, such as rocks, soil, or tree bark. Vary the application for realistic effects.

  5. Sunlit Areas: Mars Yellow is effective for depicting sunlit areas. Use it to convey the warmth and brightness of sunlight hitting surfaces.

 

Burnt Sienna:

  1. Warm Earth Tones: Burnt Sienna is perfect for creating warm, earthy tones. Mix it with yellows, reds, and greens to achieve a range of natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Burnt Sienna as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Reds: Blend Burnt Sienna with reds like Cadmium Red or Indian Red to create rich and warm red-brown tones suitable for various applications.

  4. Textured Surfaces: Apply Burnt Sienna with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or tree bark.

  5. Sunlit Areas: Burnt Sienna is effective for depicting sunlit areas. Use it to convey the warmth and brightness of sunlight hitting surfaces.

 

Burnt Umber:

  1. Neutral Earth Tones: Burnt Umber is ideal for creating neutral and earthy tones. Mix it with yellows, reds, and blues to achieve a range of natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Burnt Umber as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Grays: Blend Burnt Umber with white or other neutral tones to create a range of muted grays. This is useful for clouds, mist, or shadowed areas in your paintings.

  4. Textured Surfaces: Apply Burnt Umber with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or tree bark.

  5. Shadowed Areas: Burnt Umber is effective for depicting shadowed areas. Use it to convey depth and create realistic shadows in your compositions.

 

Van Dyk Brown:

  1. Rich Earth Tones: Van Dyk Brown is perfect for creating rich, deep earthy tones. Mix it with yellows, reds, and blues to achieve a range of natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Van Dyk Brown as an underpainting color to establish warm tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Reds: Blend Van Dyk Brown with reds like Cadmium Red or Indian Red to create rich and warm red-brown tones suitable for various applications.

  4. Textured Surfaces: Apply Van Dyk Brown with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or tree bark.

  5. Shadowed Areas: Van Dyk Brown is effective for depicting shadowed areas. Use it to convey depth and create realistic shadows in your compositions.

 

Mauve Umber:

  1. Muted Purples: Mauve Umber is great for creating muted and earthy purples. Mix it with other earth tones to achieve subtle and natural shades suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Mauve Umber as an underpainting color to establish cool tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Grays: Blend Mauve Umber with white or other neutral tones to create soft and cool grays. This is useful for clouds, mist, or shadowed areas in your paintings.

  4. Textured Surfaces: Apply Mauve Umber with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or tree bark.

  5. Atmospheric Effects: Mauve Umber is effective for conveying atmospheric effects in your paintings. Use it in distant landscapes to create a sense of depth and distance.

 

Raw Umber:

  1. Neutral Earth Tones: Raw Umber is perfect for creating neutral and earthy tones. Mix it with yellows, reds, and blues to achieve a range of natural colors suitable for landscapes.

  2. Underpainting: Use Raw Umber as an underpainting color to establish cool tones in your artwork. It provides a solid foundation for building up other colors.

  3. Mixing Grays: Blend Raw Umber with white or other neutral tones to create soft and cool grays. This is useful for clouds, mist, or shadowed areas in your paintings.

  4. Textured Surfaces: Apply Raw Umber with textured brushes or palette knives to create interesting textures, such as weathered surfaces, rocks, or tree bark.

  5. Atmospheric Effects: Raw Umber is effective for conveying atmospheric effects in your paintings. Use it in distant landscapes to create a sense of depth and distance.

Earth Colours
Dioxazine Violet
Mauve
Reds
Jaune 1, 2 & 3
Yellows
Greens
Blues
Black & Grey
Whites
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